Termite Species  
 
Coptotermes 

 Coptotermes acinaciformis are found throughout mainland Australia and cause more damage to property than any other species.They are aggressive in their search for food and will attack many items other than wood in their search for cellulose materials. They will damage wall lining boards, electrical wiring and even personal possessions. Colonies often nest in trees or stumps but can form nests without ground contact.

 Nasutitermes

 There are several species of Nasutitermes which may damage timber in service. Soldier termites of these species are distinguished by their pointed heads. Nasutitermes exitiosus usually builds a low mound and is more common across Southern Australia. Nasutitermes walkeri builds part of its colony as a nest on the branch of a tree; the rest is constructed in the ground beneath it. This genus will mainly attack hardwood such as that found in fences and timber decking.

 Mastotermes

 Mastotermes darwiniensis, the Giant Northern Termite, is the most primitive of the commercially significant species. It shows an ability for sub-colonies to split from the main colony and produce queens, without a mating flight. Eventually a network of interconnecting sub-colonies is established, which makes control difficult. These large termites can devastate buildings, bridges, poles, trees and crops such as sugarcane. Mastotermes is found mainly north of the Tropic of Capricorn.

 Schedorhinotermes 

 These termites can cause damage approaching the severity caused by Coptotermes. They build fragile nests in places such as old tree trumps, in timber buried in the ground, in filled patios and under fireplaces. The damage they cause is distinctive. Although it can be severe it is often patchy, with huge gouges taken out of sound timber, particularly around nails in floor boards or other timbers. Schedorhinotermes colonies contain major and minor soldiers.

 Heterotermes 

 Heterotermes spp. Are a significant structural pest through Queensland, northern WA and the NT. It is only in southern Australia where they are a minor nuisance. They are generally considered to do little damage to timber in service, restricting their attention to weathered timber fences, decking and posts. Occasionally they can cause superficial damage to sound timber.

 Termite Nest

 

HOW SUSCEPTIBLE IS YOUR PROPERTY TO TERMITE ATTACK?

Answer these 12 questions, tally up your score and check your risk factor below.

1.

 Storm water.  Any wastewater not directed well away from the building could attract termites by providing a continuous moisture supply under or next to the building. Termites will follow plumbing pipes into buildings & enter through the concrete floor slab via service penetrations.

Q. Are all sources of wastewater (downpipes etc) directed away from the building?

YES

0 points

NO

7 points

Not Sure

5 points


2.

SUBFLOOR VENTILATION. If your structures have suspended floors, subfloor dampness may attract termites. Inadequate ventilation causes moisture build-up, fungus growth, odour & rot. These can all lead to increased termite activity.
Q. Does your building have adequate ventilation in all foundation walls?

YES

0 points

NO

7 points

Not Sure

5 points


3.

AIR CONDITIONERS. Condensation from operating units allows water to drip continuously onto the ground. This can sometimes be the only source of moisture for termites during hot, dry weather. It is a proven way to attract termites to a building. Q. Is water run off from your air conditioner piped and directed well away from the building?

YES

0 points

NO

5 points

Not Sure

3 points


4.

SLAB EDGE EXPOSURE. Termites commonly build mud tunnels that bridge the concrete slab edge/footing. Built up footpaths, paving, rendering, soil, lawns etc. covering the slab edge, can easily enable termites to gain concealed entry.
Q. Is the edge of your concrete slab visible around the entire perimeter of the building?

YES

  0 points

NO

10 points

Not Sure

  8 points



5.

OBSTRUCTIONS. Anything located hard up against the building &/or slab edge can provide concealed termite entry. Examples include a hot water service, air-conditioning ground unit, stacked timber, dog kennels, downpipes etc.
Q. Are there any objects obstructing viewing & or access to areas around the outside of the building?

YES

5 points

NO

0 points

Not Sure

3 points



6.

GARDEN BEDS. Both plants and termites need water. Gardens & watering systems next to buildings provide a continuous moisture source, while beds, plants and vines against a building allow concealed termite entry.
Q. Are there garden beds, plants or tree roots closer than 1 metre to the building?

YES

5 points

NO

0 points

Not Sure

3 points


7.

BUILDING LINE ON THE BOUNDARY.
Town houses, units etc. can inhibit inspection access, while neighbouring activity may bridge your slab edge & will obstruct visual inspection. Pest professionals would require the neighbours written approval to apply termiticide or monitoring devices.
Q. Are one or more sides of your building located on the property boundary?

YES

8 points

NO

0 points

Not Sure

7 points


8.

TIMBER / SOIL CONTACT. Timber walls, fences, pergola posts, decking, house stumps, etc. in contact with the ground provides food for termites & cannot have an effective chemical barrier installed around or beneath it.
Q. Do you have fence/pergola/decking posts, sleepers etc. directly on or in the ground?

YES

10points

NO

 0 points

Not Sure

 8 points


9.

EXTERIOR EVIDENCE. Termite evidence in the yard means the building may also be at risk. Check for damaged timber by using a screwdriver to probe. Check fences, sheds, pergolas, garden stakes, cubby house etc.
Q. Have you discovered any evidence of timber damage in your yard?

YES

12 points

NO

  0 points

Not Sure

12 points


10.

 INTERIOR EVIDENCE. Termite evidence in a building is a serious concern. Look for mud tunnels along timbers. Gently tap timber doorframes, skirtings, floorboards etc. with a screwdriver handle, listening for a dull or hollow sound. Check dark corners of inbuilt cupboards/robes & inspect roofing timbers.
Q. Have you discovered evidence of termite activity anywhere inside the building?

YES

25 points

NO

  0 points

Not Sure

25 points

.

 11.

 

TERMITE BARRIER SYSTEM INSTALLED. In most cases, it became compulsory to install a termite barrier complying with AS3660 to Homes built after 1995, Many homes built before 1995 also had termite barrier installed                                                                               Q. Does you meter box or cupboard contain a label confirming that a termite treatment zone has been installed/applied?   

YES

0 points

NO

15 points

Not Sure

10 points


12.

 

Q. Have you had a professional termite inspection or a termite treatment carried out for any reason in the last 12 months?

YES

0 points

NO

15 points

 

ASSESS YOUR RISK - ADD THE TOTAL SCORE FROM ALL QUESTIONS TOTAL SCORE_____________

Termite Risk:

(0 -19) Low; (20-34) Moderate; (35-65) High; (65+) Extreme Risk

If you have assessed your risk as ' High ' or ' Extreme Risk 'we suggest you call us to provide a Termite Inspection.

In accordance with Australian Standard 3660, we strongly recommend that all buildings should have a professional termite inspection at least every 12 months.

 Termites build a nest that contains the queen and king, the nursery and a large proportion of the soldiers and workers. Some species build a hard-shelled mound above or partly below the ground. Others build their nests in the trunk of a tree or below ground in the root crown. A nest can contain several million termites.

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